Total broadband subscribers exceeded 77.0 million at the end of the third quarter of 2019. In Turkey, fixed broadband usage has increased considerably thanks to the leadership of Türk Telekom’s infrastructure investments since 2005, and accordingly, the number of fixed broadband subscribers increased to 14.1 million in Turkey. Fiber technology (FTTH/FTTB) increased by %17 year on year with number of subscribers reaching 3.1 million as of third quarter of 2019. Additionally, the number of XDSL subscribers was 9.7 million and there was also 1,0 million cable subscribers at the end of Q3’19. Compared to OECD average of 30.9% fixed broadband population penetration rate, Turkey has important growth potential with its 17.2% penetration
Investments for fiber optic infrastructure have increased in the country in recent years. Türk Telekom with its 295 thousand kilometer fiber network has the widest fiber infrastructure in Turkey. Alternative operators’ fiber length was 76.6 thousand at the end of Q3’19.
On the mobile broadband side, the total number of users was around 63.0 million corresponding to 76.8% population penetration rate at the end of Q3’19. Mobile broadband users via mobile phones reached 62.2 million while mobile broadband users via non-phone mobile devices were 740 thousand. Compared to OECD average of 109.7% mobile broadband penetration rate, Turkey has important growth potential in terms of mobile broadband penetration.
The total number of mobile phone subscribers in Turkey was 82.9 million corresponding to 101.1% penetration rate at the end of Q3’19. Share of prepaid subscribers was 41% in Turkey whereas it is around 30% in Europe.
On 26 August 2015, the Auction for IMT Services and Infrastructures Authorization was held by ICTA. Excluding VAT, total auction fee for 365.4 MHz of spectrum across 18 packages in 5 separate frequency bands (800, 900, 1800, 2100 ve 2600 MHz) was EUR 3,356 mn. Following the auction, the current frequency allocated to mobile operators increased from 184 MHz to 549 MHz. Operators launched IMT services as of 1 April 2016. At the end of Q3’19, number of active LTE subscribers in Turkey reached 45.8 million.
There were 11.5 million fixed voice subscribers corresponding to 14% penetration rate in Turkey at the end of Q3’19. Given the average household size of 3.4 in Turkey, a significant portion of the population uses fixed voice services.