Total broadband subscribers reached 83.9 million at the end of the first
quarter of 2021. In Turkey, fixed broadband usage has increased
considerably thanks to the leadership of Türk Telekom’s infrastructural
investments since 2005. Accordingly the number of fixed broadband
subscribers increased to 17.1 million. Fibre technology (FTTH/FTTB)
increased by 24.7% year on year with number of subscribers reaching 4.2
million as of first quarter of 2021. Additionally, the number of XDSL
subscribers was 11.2 million and there was also 1.3 million cable
subscribers at the end of Q1’21. Compared to OECD average of 32.5% fixed
broadband population penetration rate, Turkey has important growth
potential with its 20.4% penetration rate.
Investments for fibre optic infrastructure have increased in the country in
recent years. Türk Telekom with its 336 thousand kilometre fibre network
has the widest fibre infrastructure in Turkey. Alternative operators’ fibre
length was 98.3 thousand kilometre at the end of Q1’21.
On the mobile broadband side, the total number of users was 66.8 million
corresponding to 79.9% population penetration rate at the end of Q1’21.
Mobile broadband users via mobile phones reached 66.3 million while mobile
broadband users via non-phone mobile devices were 468 thousand. Compared to
OECD with average of 115.3% mobile broadband penetration rate, Turkey has
important growth potential in terms of mobile broadband penetration.
The total number of mobile phone subscribers in Turkey was 83.5 million
corresponding to 99.9% penetration rate at the end of Q1’21. Share of
prepaid subscribers was 34% in Turkey in Q1’21, whereas it is around 28% in
On 26 August 2015, the Auction for IMT Services and Infrastructures
Authorisation was held by ICTA. Excluding VAT, total auction fee for 365.4
MHz of spectrum across 18 packages in 5 separate frequency bands (800, 900,
1800, 2100 and 2600 MHz) was EUR 3,356 mn. Following the auction, the
current frequency allocated to mobile operators increased from 184 MHz to
549 MHz. Operators launched IMT services as of 1 April 2016. At the end of
Q1’21, number of active LTE subscribers in Turkey reached 56.4 million.
There were 12.4 million fixed voice subscribers corresponding to 14.8%
penetration rate in Turkey at the end of Q1’21. Given the average household
size of 3.3, in Turkey a significant portion of the population uses fixed